As of May 2019, 48 states, including West Virginia, as well as the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands have banned texting while driving for all drivers. Missouri prohibits texting while driving for drivers 21 years old and younger.
According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, three analyses of data from the study of over 3,000 drivers indicated that crash risk was 2-6 times greater when drivers were manipulating a cellphone compared with when they were not distracted. In a 2019 survey conducted by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 41% of drivers reported reading texts or emails while driving. This is concerning, particularly since the U.S. Department of Transportation reports that there are three 3 main types of distractions while driving: (1) Visual distraction (taking your eyes off the road); (2) Manual distraction (taking your hands off the wheel); and (3) Cognitive distraction (taking your mind off what you are doing), and texting while driving involves all three.